How to register your baby in Ghana: Everything you need to know (2017)

A detailed overview of everything you need to know about registering the birth of children born in Ghana.

Olivia Eddah

Olivia Eddah

Public Health Officer, Nyaho Medical Centre

Birth registration is a process by which a legal document is completed and submitted for every baby born. 

It creates an official record of your baby's birth and legal name, and identifies you as the parent(s). In Ghana the birth of every child is to be registered in the district where the birth occurred.

Who should report the birth of a child?

It is the duty of the father, mother, or both, to report the birth of a child for registration. In the case of the death or the incapacity of the father and mother, one of the following persons is allowed by law to report the birth for registration.

(a) The owner of the premises in which the child is born.

(b) A person present at the birth

(c) A person having charge of the child to furnish the prescribed particulars of registration.

When should you register your baby?

By law, you must register your child within 12 months of birth.

How much does it cost to register your child's birth?

There is no cost to register a child's birth, unless you wait longer than 12 months. If you want to register a child's birth 12 months or later after the birth, you will be charged a prescribed fee of 30 Ghana Cedis.

Photo: Becci Tamaklo

Naming your baby

You can choose any name you like for your baby (with the exceptions listed below), as long as it includes a first name (given name) and a last name (surname). 

The baby's surname can be different from the mother or father's surname or include two surnames, hyphenated or combined together. You can also give your baby one or more middle names. The use of titles example Nana, Ewura, Togbui, Naa, Lady etc. are not allowed.

Information you'll need to provide for the birth registration

The parents/informant will be required to produce evidence of birth, such as a Child Health Record Book. In the absence of this, a baptismal certificate issued not more than 5 years after the birth of the child is sufficient.  

Other information needed for the birth registration includes:

Particulars of child

  • Full name of child
  • Sex    
  • Date of birth
  • Detailed address of place of delivery (hospital, clinic, maternity home, house, other specify)
  • Child Health Record Book

Particulars of mother

  • Full name of mother (Maiden Name)
  • Date of birth
  • Occupation
  • Number of children
  • Nationality
  • Place and address of usual residence

Particulars of father

  • Full name of father
  • Nationality
  • Occupation
  • Religion
  • Date of birth
  • Number of children
  • Place and address of usual residence

Foreign nationals who need to register their children need to submit a photocopy of their Passport.

What happens if you need to register the birth beyond 12 months after delivery?

For birth registrations done twelve (12) months after delivery, you need to report to the Registry Office in the locality where the birth occurred.  You will be interviewed by the Registration assistant and asked to fill the registration form and the declaration form. You will be asked to pay a prescribed fee as charge for late registration.

You will then declare the partially completed documents before a Commissioner of Oaths, Court Registrar or Notary Public supported by any of the following documents:

  • Clinical Weighing/Notification of birth card
  • Baptismal Certificate
  • Extract from Family Records Book
  • Affidavit from one of the parents

Get more information about birth registrations

The Child Welfare Clinic is a free service at Nyaho Medical Centre that provides a range of services to parents, including birth registrations for children born in the district. Learn more about the Child Welfare Clinic at Nyaho Medical Centre.

Also check out our Family Practice Clinic, which provides a dedicated doctor on call for you and your family. Learn more about Family Doctors at Nyaho Medical Centre.